In addition to other answers, which told you how to do what you wanted, I try to explain what was wrong (which is what you wanted.
if is to be followed with a command. If the exit code of this command is equal to 0, then the
then part is executed, else the
else part if any is executed.
You can do that with any command as explained in other answers:
if /bin/true; then ...; fi
[[ is an internal bash command dedicated to some tests, like file existence, variable comparisons. Similarly
[ is an external command (it is located typically in
/usr/bin/[) that performs roughly the same tests but needs
] as a final argument, which is why
] must be padded with a space on the left, which is not the case with
Here you needn’t
Another thing is the way you quote things. In bash, there is only one case where pairs of quotes do nest, it is
"$(command "argument")". But in
'grep 'SomeString' $File' you have only one word, because
'grep ' is a quoted unit, which is concatenated with
SomeString and then again concatenated with
' $File'. The variable
$File is not even replaced with its value because of the use of single quotes. The proper way to do that is
grep 'SomeString' "$File".
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